Departments of Haiti
Artibonite is in the Northern part of Haiti. It has an area of 4,984 km² and a population of 1,168,800 (2002). Artibonite is the country's main rice-growing area. The main cities are Gonaives (the capital) and Saint-Marc. An insurgency tried unsuccessfully to declare Artibonite's independence in February 2004. The department is divided into the following five arrondissements: Dessalines; Gonaives; Gros-Morne; Marmelade; and Saint-Marc.
Centre as its name suggests is a department in the center of the country. It runs along the border with the Dominican Republic with an area of 3,675 km² and a population of 564,200 (2002). Its capital is Hinche. It is the only landlocked department of Haiti but contains the country's second largest lake, Lake Peligre. The lake was created as a result of the construction of the Peligre hydroelectric dam on the Artibonite River during the 1956. It is the largest hydroelectric dam in the Caribbean.
The department is divided into the following four arrondissements: Cerca la Source; Hinche; Lascahobas; and Mirebalais.
Grand-Anse is a department in the Southwest part of the country. Its capital is Jeremie. In 2003 the department was split from its original size due to the creation of the new department of Nippes from the Miragôane and l'Anse-à-Veau arrondissements. Prior to the split it had an area of 3,310 km² and a population of 733,200 (2002).
The department is now divided into the following three arrondissements: Anse d'Hainault; Corail; and Jeremie.
Nippes was recently named as an official department of Haiti in 2003. It was split from the Grand'Anse Department. The capital of the Nippes Department is Miragôane. It is considered the world's largest port for the trade of used goods, most of which come out of the Port of Miami.
The department is divided into the following three arrondissements: Miragôane; Anse-à-Veau; and Baradères.
Nord is one of the largest and most popular departments and is directly north of the Centre Department. It has an area of 2,106 km² and a population of 872,200 (2002). Its capital is Cap-Haitien which is home to some of Haiti's biggest tourist attractions like the Citadel Laferrière.
The department is divided into the following 7 arrondissements: l'Acul-du-Nord; Borgne; le Cap-Haitien; Grand-Rivière du Nord; le Limbè; Plaissance; and Saint- Raphael.
Nord-Est, or North East, is one of the smaller departments of Haiti and is located along the northern border with the Dominican Republic to the East. It has an area of 1,805 km² and a population of 283,800 people (2002). Its capital is Fort-Libertè which was founded by the French in 1578 and is home to many historic sites.
The department is divided into four arrondissements: Fort-Liberté; Ouanaminthe; le Trou-du-Nord; and Vallières.
Nord-Ouest is the northern most department of Haiti and is home to the beaches where Christopher Columbus first set foot in 1492. It has an area of 2,176 km² and a population of 488,500 people (2002). It was once a department rich with coffee and banana exports but now finds itself mostly barren land. Its capital and main town is Port-de-Paix, called Valparaiso by Columbus.
This Department is divided into the following three arrondissements: Môle Saint-Nicolas; Port-de-Paix; and Saint-Louis du Nord.
Ouest is one of the most important departments of Haiti because its capital is also the nation's capital, Port-au-Prince. Port-au-Prince is the largest city in Haiti and makes up nearly half of the population of the department. It has an area of 4,827 km² and a population of 2,943,200 people (2002). It is one of four departments that border the Dominican Republic to the east, and hosts the nation's major airport.
The department is divided into five arrondissements: l'Archaie; Croix-des-Bouquets; La Gonave; Léogane; and Port-au-Prince.
Sud is the southern most department of Haiti. It has an area of 2,794 km² and a population of 745,000 (2002). Its capital is Les Cayes which is home to one of the nation's major exporting ports
The department is divided into five arrondissements: Aquin; Les Cayes; les Charbonnières; les Côteaux ; and Port Salut
Sud-Est is in the southeastern part of the country. It has an area of 2,023 km², a population of 518,200 people (2002) and borders the Dominican Republic in the southernmost part of the border. Its capital is Jacmel which was founded in 1698 and has not lost its 19th century charm.
The department is divided into three arrondissements: Bainet; Belle-Anse; and Jacmel.